31 Oct, 2014
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Tech Notes DOS Commands Windows 7 / Vista Command Prompt Commands

Windows 7 / Vista Command Prompt Commands

The Command Prompt in Windows Vista / Windows 7 provides access to well over 180 powerful command line commands.

Start Command Prompt: click on Windows Circle - type in box CMD

Then the Windows 7 / Vista Command prompt box should open.

Note: Windows Vista / Windows 7 Command Prompt commands are usually fairly similar to classic MS-DOS commands. Please keep in mind, however, that the Command Prompt is not actually MS-DOS even though the commands are similar.

Below is a complete list of commands available in the Command Prompt in Windows Vista / Windows 7:

ASSOC - Displays or modifies file extension associations.
ATTRIB - Displays or changes file attributes.
BREAK -  Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.
* BCDBOOT - Used to copy critical files to the system partition and to create a new system BCD store.
BCDEDIT - Sets properties in boot database to control boot loading.
CACLS - Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.
CALL - Calls one batch program from another.
CD - Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHCP - Displays or sets the active code page number.
CHDIR - Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHKDSK - Checks a disk and displays a status report.
CHKNTFS - Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.
CHOICE - Batch file command that allows users to select from a set of options.
CIPHER - Displays or alters the encryption of directories [files] on NTFS partitions.
CLIP - Redirects output of another command to the Windows clipboard.
CLS - Clears the screen.
CMD - Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.
CMDKEY - Creates, lists and deletes stored user names and passwords or credentials.
COLOR - Sets the default console foreground and background colors.
COMP - Compares the contents of two files or sets of files byte-by-byte
COMPACT - Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.
CONVERT - Converts FAT volumes to NTFS. You cannot convert the current drive.
COPY - Copies one or more files to another location.
DATE - Displays or sets the date.
DEFRAG - Disk defragmenter accessory.
DEL - Deletes one or more files.
DIR - Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.
DISKCOMP - Compares the contents of two floppy disks.
DISKCOPY - Copies the contents of one floppy disk to another.
DISKPART - Displays or configures Disk Partition properties. A separte command interpreter with a sub-set of commands.
DOSKEY - Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.
DRIVERQUERY - Displays current device driver status and properties.
ECHO - Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.
ENDLOCAL - Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.
ERASE - Deletes one or more files.
EXIT - Quits and closes the command shell.
EXPAND - Expands one or more compressed files.
FC - Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences between them.
FIND - Searches for a text string in a file or files.
FINDSTR - Searches for strings in files.
FOR - Runs a specified command for each item in a set.
FORFILES - Selects files in a folder for batch processing.
FORMAT - Formats a disk for use with Windows.
FSUTIL - Displays or configures the file system properties.
FTYPE - Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
GOTO - Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a batch program.
GPRESULT - Displays Group Policy information for machine or user.
GRAFTABL - Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.
HELP - Provides Help information for Windows commands.
ICACLS - Display, modify, backup, or restore ACLs for files and directories (more here).
IF - Performs conditional processing in batch programs.
IPCONFIG - Displays all current TCP/IP network configuration values
LABEL - Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.
MD - Creates a directory.
MKDIR - Creates a directory.
MKLINK - Creates Symbolic Links and Hard Links
MODE - Configures a system device.
MORE - Displays output one screen at a time.
MOVE - Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory.
OPENFILES - Queries, displays, or disconnects open files or files opened by network users.
PATH - Displays or sets a search path for executable files.
PAUSE - Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.
POPD - Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.
PRINT - Prints a text file.
PROMPT - Changes the Windows command prompt.
PUSHD - Saves the current directory then changes it.
RD - Removes a directory.
RECOVER - Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.
REM - Designates comments (remarks) in batch files
REN - Renames a file or files.
RENAME - Renames a file or files.
REPLACE - Replaces files.
RMDIR - Removes a directory.
ROBOCOPY - Advanced utility to copy files and directory trees
SET - Displays, sets, or removes environment variables for current session.
SETLOCAL - Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.
SETX - Sets environment variables.
SC - Displays or configures services (background processes).
SCHTASKS - Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.
SHIFT - Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.
SHUTDOWN - Allows proper local or remote shutdown of machine.
SORT - Sorts input.
START - Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command.
SUBST - Associates a path with a drive letter.
SYSTEMINFO  - Displays machine specific properties and configuration.
TAKEOWN - Allows an administrator to take ownership of a file (more here).
TASKLIST - Displays all currently running tasks including services.
TASKKILL - Kill or stop a running process or application.
TIME - Displays or sets the system time.
TIMEOUT - Pauses the command processor for the specified number of seconds.More here.
TITLE - Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.
TREE - Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.
TYPE - Displays the contents of a text file.
VER - Displays the Windows version.
VERIFY - Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.
VOL - Displays a disk volume label and serial number.
VSSADMIN - Volume Shadow Copy Service administration tool
WHERE - Displays the location of files that match a search pattern.
XCOPY - Copies files and directory trees.
WMIC - Displays WMI information inside interactive command shell.

*New to Windows 7